Top 10 Forts in India

Jhansi Fort

The Jhansi fort is built by Raja Vir Singh Judeo of Orcha in 1613 on a hilltop called Bangra. The fort covers a sprawling area of 15 acres and this massive fortification with 22 bastions measures about 312m in length and 225m in width.The huge Jhansi fort is an absolute delight to the eyes of visitors. The fort was under rule of Rani Laxmibai, where she collected her forces to fight the British army. The fort stands as a evidence to the heroics of the queen.It is Built by Raja Vir Singh Judeo in 1613, the Jhansi Fort played a major role during the first war of Indian Independence. The huge fort is built on a hilltop called Bangra. The Fort is an architectural delight to eyes, due to its size and beauty. The fort was a residence of Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi, who fought British army and attained martyrdom. During the rule of the Peshwas, the Jhansi fort was the capital of the area. The fort was made at the strategical location, to be in the centre of the state.

History

Maharaja Chattrasal Bundela of Panna was a good administrator and a brave warrior. In 1729 Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked Chattrasal. Peshwa Baji Rao(I ) helped Maharaja Chattrasal and defeated mughal army. As a mark of gratitude Maharaja Chattrasal offered a part of his state to Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao(I). Jhansi was also included in this part.In 1742 Naroshanker was made the subedar of Jhansi. During his tenure of 15 years he not only extended the Jhansi fort which was of strategic importance but also constructed some other buildings. The extended part of the fort is called Shankergarh. In 1757 Naroshanker was called back by the Peshwa. After him Madhav Govind Kakirde and then Babulal Kanahai were made the subedars of Jhansi.In 1766 Vishwas Rao Laxman was made the subedar of Jhansi. His period was from 1766 to 1769. After him Raghunath Rao (II) Newalkar was appointed the subedar of Jhansi. He was a very able administrator. He increased the revenue of the state. The MahaLakshmi Temple and the Raghunath Temple were built by him. Jhansi was a stronghold of the Chandela kings. Balwant Nagar was the name of this place. But in 11th. century Jhansi lost its importance. In 17th. century under Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha Jhansi again rose to prominence. Raja Bir Singh Deo had good relations with the mughal emperor Jehangir. In 1613 Raja Bir Singh Deo constructed the Jhansi fort. He died in 1627. After his death his son Juhar Singh succeeded him. After the death of Shiv Rao his grand son Ramchandra Rao was made subedar of Jhansi. He was not a good administrator. Ramchandra Rao died in 1835. After his death Raghunath Rao (III) was made his successor. In 1838 Raghunath Rao (III) also died. The British rulers then accepted Gangadhar Rao as the Raja of Jhansi. Due to the inefficient administration during the period of Raghunath Rao (III) the financial position of Jhansi was very critical.In 1861 the British Government gave the Jhansi fort and Jhansi city to JiyajiRao Scindia. Jhansi was then became a part of Gwalior state. In 1886 Britishers took back Jhansi from Gwalior state.

Architecture

The Jhansi fort can mesmerise anyone by its size and location. Located on a hillock, the fort looks like a tall robust person. There are 10 gates to the entry of the fort. Some of these are Khanderao Gate, Datia Darwaza, Unnao Gate, Jharna Gate, Laxmi Gate, Sagar Gate, Orcha Gate, Sainyar Gate and Chand gate. The notable sights in the fort are the Shiva temple, Ganesh temple at the entrance and Kadak Bijli cannon used in the freedom struggle of 1857. The memorial board reminds one of the hair-raising feat of the queen in jumping on horseback from the fort. Nearby is the Rani Ka Mahal, built in the later half of the 18th century where an archaeological museum has come up today. On the way to the fort a statue of the queen has been installed.



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